All you need to know about Peripheral Vascular Disease

Peripheral vascular disease is also known as called PVD, refers to any sort of disease or disorder of circulatory system exterior of brain & heart. The term can subsume any disorder that affects blood vessels.

Causes of Peripheral Vascular Disease:

The main cause of PVD is peripheral artery disease, which is because of atherosclerosis. Fatty material builds up inside the arteries & mixes with scar tissue, calcium & other substances. The mix hardens slightly, results in forming plaques. These plaques block, or weaken artery walls. Blood flowing via the arteries can be limited or completely blocked.

Other causes of PVD include:

Blood clots: A blood clot blocks the blood vessel.

Diabetes: High blood sugar level present in diabetes damages blood vessels. People with diabetes have high blood pressure & fats in the blood. Both conditions can speed up the development atherosclerosis.

Inflammation of the arteries: Arteritis cause narrowing or weakening of arteries. Few autoimmune situations result to vasculitis. The inflammation affects not just arteries, but also other organ systems.

Infection: The inflammation & scarring by infection blocks, narrow, or weaken blood vessels. Both salmonellosis and syphilis are two infections known to infect and damage blood vessels.

Structural defects: Defects in the blood vessel structure cause narrowing. Most of these are obtained at birth, and the cause is not known. Takayasu disorder is a vascular disease that damages aorta,  the large blood vessel carrying blood from heart to the body.

Injury: Either in car wreck or a bad fall accident blood vessels can be injured

Risk factors for the peripheral vascular disease include:

  • Family history of high blood pressure, heart disease, high cholesterol, or stroke
  • Age over 50 years
  • Overweight or obesity
  • Inactive lifestyle
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol or LDL (the “bad cholesterol”), and high triglycerides & low HDL (the “good cholesterol”)

Peripheral Vascular Disease Symptoms:

The following are the symptoms of Peripheral Vascular Disease

Among individuals who are suffering from Peripheral Vascular Disease, only 60% of the individuals have peripheral vascular disease symptoms. In maximum cases, symptoms are caused by leg muscles because of not getting enough blood. Whether you have symptoms depends partly on which artery is affected and to what extent blood flow is restricted.

The most common symptom of PVD in pain in legs is pain that comes & goes in one or both thighs, calves or hips. The pain occurs when walking or climbing stairs & stops while resting. Also, it feels like a tightness, heaviness or tiredness in the leg muscles.

Other symptoms of PVD include:

  • Numbness, weakness or tingling in the legs
  • Buttock pain
  • Unhealed sore on leg or foot
  • Burning or aching pain in feet or toes while resting
  • Hair loss on the legs
  • Feeling of cold and change of color of both legs or feet feeling
  • Impotence

The Peripheral Artery Diseases is treated by the best Surgeon at Vascular Care Center at Somajiguda, Hyderabad. Dr.G.V. Praveen Kumar the most efficient surgeon for Vascular and Endovascular Diseases.

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